Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Feedback & Grading > Rubrics > Creating Rubrics
An analytic rubric resembles a grid or matrix in which the criteria representing the essential learning being assessed is organized in the leftmost column and the levels of achievement are represented in the top row.
Analytic rubrics can be created in Excel (and information can easily be aggregated and numerically summarized), with Word's table function, or even just sketched out on a pad of paper. Additionally there are several free (though generally registration is required) on-line generators for rubric creation including
Rubistar. Regardless of the medium used for creating a rubric the steps are the same.
The following steps illustrate how an analytical rubric is created.
(Thesis supported by relevant information and ideas.)
(Sequencing of elements/ideas)
(Correctness of grammar and spelling)
When using a holistic rubric the assessor judges the level of performance across all criteria together, instead of separately as is done with an analytic rubric. The steps for creating a holistic rubric are similar to that of the analytical, but do not describe each criteria and level of achievement separately as the scorer will be selecting one holistic score for the entire assignment rather than separate scores for each criterion. In general holistic rubrics are considered faster to create and implement, however, they do not facilitate analysis and feedback in the same way as analytical rubrics.