Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Instructional Methods > Lecturing Effectively
Charles W. Eliot, a former president of Harvard, put it differently: "The lecturer pumps laboriously into sieves. The water may be wholesome, but it runs through. A mind must work to grow" (cited in Bok, 123).
The links and resources below offer strategies for making minds work during a lecture.
iClickers are another tool instructors can use to integrate active learning techniques into their classes--even large lectures.
Bligh, D.A. (2000). What's the Use of Lectures? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bok, D. (2006).
Our Underachieving Colleges: A Candid Look at How Much Students Learn and Why They Should Be Learning More. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Hativa, N. (2000). "Lecturing and Explaining." Chapter in Teaching for Effective Learning in Higher Education. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Rotenberg, R. (2005). "The Lecture Classroom." Chapter in The Art and Craft of College Teaching: A guide for New Professors and Graduate Students. Walnut Creek, CA.