Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Learning Activities > Checking Students' Learning
The following are some common characteristics of CATs:
Adapted from Angelo and Cross (1993) and Nilson (2010).
Angelo, T. A. and Cross, K. P. (1993).
Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.*
Enerson, D. M., Plank, K. M., and Johnson, R. N. (2007). An Introduction to Classroom Assessment Techniques. Retrieved from
Haugen, L. (1999). Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs). Retrieved from
Mezeske, R. J. and Mezeske, B. A. (2007).
Beyond tests and quizzes: Creative assessments in the college classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.*
Nilson, L. B. (2010).
Teaching at its best: A research-based resource for college instructors. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.*
* These books are available from the
D2L includes various tools you can use to help check your students' understanding. One tool is Self Assessments, which allows you to create ungraded sets of quiz questions for students to use to gauge their knowledge.
In-class writing can be a great way to check on your students' learning, in addition to helping them brainstorm, understand readings, and more.