Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Technology > More Technology Tools > Collaborative Documents
Collaborative documents can provide your students with opportunities to engage with one another and with course content. According to
Jeong and Hmelo-Silver (2016), there are seven affordances of computer-enabled collaborative learning:
You can use collaborative documents to engage students in any of the above activities; however, they are probably best suited for items 1, 4, and 5. Here are some examples of what that might look like:
1. Engaging in a joint task. Ask students to collaboratively contribute to an incomplete outline or guided notes from your lecture. Incomplete outlines are outlines of your lecture with key terms or phrases missing that students then provide. Guided notes are similar but may use graphical organizers or diagrams for students to write on and complete.
4. Engaging in productive learning processes. One example of this involves students giving feedback to one another (peer review) using a collaborative document space like Google Docs. For this to be most effective, provide students with a checklist or rubric to use as a guide for the feedback they should provide.
5. Engaging in co-construction of knowledge. Asking students to work together and create a joint research-based presentation or document is an example of this affordance.
You can assign students to collaborate on documents as preparation for your synchronous sessions, during a portion of your synchronous sessions, or completely on their own, asynchronously. For example, you may wish to ask students to: