Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Technology > Desire2Learn > Tools > Grades > Using Calculated Grade Items
A Calculated grade item shows cumulative achievement across multiple grade items and categories in a course. Whereas final grade calculation scales to fill to 100% of a student’s grade, using a Calculated grade item drops items from the sum total of the calculation, basing it on the specified weights or points in the grade book. Because they are meant to show an accumulation of scores, Calculated grade items cannot belong to a category, cannot contribute to the calculated final grade, and cannot be associated with assignments like Submissions, Quizzes, or Discussion Boards.
Calculated grade items can be set up in Weighted grade books or in Points grade books.
Note: Different grade book settings will affect the way the milestone grade is calculated in a weighted grade book. Refer to the table below to adjust settings according to whether or not there are exemptions and how ungraded items are treated.
A Calculated grade item in a points-based grade book can be helpful if ungraded items are treated as 0 because the Calculated grade item will contextualize the overall grade for students. In a points-based grade book that drops ungraded items, the Final Calculated Grade will accurately reflect the current grades in the class, so a Calculated grade item is not necessary.